Besmele is the more easily pronounced Turkish spelling of the Basmala; that is, the formulation “In the name of God, Whose mercy is comprehensive, Whose mercy is specific.”
The Besmele occurs 114 times in the Quran, 113 times as the beginning of a Sura. People have come to see its role as prefacing a beginning. The late Turkish Quran commentator Hamdi Yazir gives 65 pages to the Besmele in his monumental commentary in the original Ottoman. He suggests that the essential meanings of the Quran can be found in it.
Although a challenge to write, the Besmele is an ever-popular subject for both amateur and professional calligraphers.
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